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Travers Child - Research Summary

Universitat Pompeu Fabra

War and Social Attitudes

Travers Child and Elena Nikolova study the long-run eects of con ict on social attitudes, with World War II in Central and Eastern Europe as our setting. Much of earlier work has relied on self- reported measures of victimization, which are prone to endogenous misreporting. With our own survey-based measure, we replicate established ndings linking victimization to political participation, civic engagement, optimism, and trust. Those ndings are reversed, however, when tested instead with an objective measure of victimization based on historical reference material. Thus, we urge caution when interpreting survey- based results from this literature as causal.

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